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Developing Pupils

Goal: Developing pupils with the competencies for self-directed and collaborative learning through the effective use of ICT as well as become discerning and responsible ICT users


The ICT department sees 3 important aspects that need to be addressed in order to develop pupils to meet the challenges in the future:

  1. develop competencies for self-directed and collaborative learning
  2. equipping pupils with the necessary skills for the effective use of ICT
  3. develop pupils to become discerning and responsible ICT users


Pupils have the competencies for self-directed and collaborative learning.

Figure 1 SDL Construct for Students

What is Self-Directed Learning (SDL)? Self-directed learning (SDL) involves initiating personally challenging activities and developing personal knowledge and skills to pursue the challenges successfully (Gibbons, 2002).


For pupils to be engaged in self-directed learning, there will be:

1. Ownership of Learning

  • Articulate learning gaps
  • Set learning goals and identify learning tasks to achieve the goals

2 .Management and Monitoring of Own Learning

  • Explore alternatives and make sound decisions
  • Formulate questions and generate own inquiries
  • Plan and manage workload and time effectively and efficiently
  • Reflect on their learning and use feedback to improve their work

3. Extension of Own Learning

  • Apply learning in new contexts
  • Learn beyond the curriculum


Figure 2 CoL Construct for Students

What is Collaborative Learning (CoL)? Collaborative learning (CoL) is where pupils work in pairs or groups to solve a problem or to achieve a common learning objective (Barkley et al., 2005


For students engaged in collaborative learning, there will be:

4. Effective Group Processes

  • Negotiate and set common goals
  • Contribute own ideas clearly and consider other points of view
  • Ask questions to clarify and offer constructive feedback
  • Take on different roles and tasks to achieve group goals
  • Reflect on group and individual learning processes

5.Individual and Group Accountability of Learning

  • Work towards completing individual’s assigned tasks as well as help group members achieve group goals


Pupils have the necessary skills for effective use of ICT

Figure 3 Baseline ICT Skills

  1. To be proficient with KS1 & KS2 Baseline ICT skills
    The Baseline ICT Standards define the basic level of knowledge, skills and values that Singapore pupils need in order to fully benefit from a curriculum enriched with ICT, and eventually thrive in a technology-driven society. The proficiency is necessary for the pupils to be equipped to learn in cyberspace.
  2. Applying ICT skills to explore, communicate, collaborate and solve problems
    The goal focusses on self-directed and collaborative learning, which requires learners to exercise a good range of 21st Century skills and dispositions that will lead to the desired outcomes of education. It also reflects the particular strength and potential of ICT to deepen the self-directed and collaborative learning experiences.


Pupils are cyber savvy and know how to behave in cyberspace

Figure 4 Cyber Wellness Construct

The emphasis on cyber wellness is an important one, ensuring that students are able to use technology in a safe way and are able to take responsibility for their own well-being even as technology is increasingly used to deepen and extend their self-directed and collaborative learning experiences.